CITIES AND CULTURAL HERITAGE
The capital of Poland is a city with many faces .It is a city where the history meets modern times. During the 2nd World War it was totally destroyed. After the war Poles started to reconstructure
the city with great details. The touch of history can be felt especially in the Old Town, at Nowy Swiat Str., at marvelous Lazienki Park and Palace Complex, everywhere where the antic urban system was preserved (survived).
The most caracteristic place of the Old Town is the Castle and the Main Market Square. This historical centre was listed on the UNESCO Heritage list. While staying in Warsaw
you cannot miss the baroque Wilanow Palace , called “ a small Versaille”. It is also worth
visiting the birthplace of Frederic Chopin. The manor house – the composer’s birth place- is now a museum. During the summer time openair piano concerts take place there.
Cracow, former capital of Poland, is one of the most magic places on the touristic map of Europe.It’s a must for everyone who wants to see a piece of the authentic old Europe. Cracow is famous for its valuable culture and art monuments.
The heart of the city is the Market Square , one of the biggest market squares in Europe,
dated from 1257 and located among numerous commercial streets. Around the Market Square there are tenements that used to belong to the rich merchants . The most valuable monuments at the square are: the basilic of St. Mary with famous Veit Stoss altar and Sukiennice - a historical trading hall. Another Cracow pearl is a gothic building of Collegium Maius in the Jagiellonian University , fouded in 1364, one of the oldest universities in Europe. The most important place in Krakow for the Poles is the Wawel Hill, residence of kings and bishops. Almost all Polish monarchs are buried in the Cathedral crypts. In the royal chambers visitors can admire the arrases from XVI and XVII century.
The Jewish quarter Kazimierz was founded in the XIV c. as an autonomic city ,
being a home for both the Jews and Christians.
Apart from history and magic Cracow also offers an opportunity for amusement and rest.
Theatres, cabarets, clubs, coffee shops, restaurants can give a wide choice of attractions that can satisfy different needs.
Gdansk together with Gdynia and Sopot is a part of so called Tri-City aglomeration (“Trojmiasto”) . It lies at the Gdansk Bay. Together with other two cities: Sopot and Gdynia it makes an aglomeration of 800 000 habitants. Every of these three cities has a different caracter. Gdansk is a classical example of hanseatic city, Sopot – a sea resort with the longest pier (516 m) in Europe, Gdynia – important fishing and commercial port.
The local atmosphere of the old Gdansk can be felt at Dluga Street and at Dlugi Targ
( Long Market) as well as at the harbour with famous Crane Gate.
One of the most valuable Gdansk monument is the basilic of St. Mary, the biggest brick gothic church in Europe. Behind the basilic you can find a mysterious Mariacka Str. with numerous boutiques and amber galeries.
Not far away from Gdansk there is a place that cannot be missed – Malbork with it’s medieval Teutonic brick Castle.
Wroclaw is a historic, artistic, cultural and industrial city. It used to be called “the saint flower of Europe, the beautiful jewel among the cities.”
It is located in the centre of Silesia, the south- west part of Poland, where theOdra River divides into many branches and makes 12 islands. The city is connected by 100 bridges. The heart of Wroclaw is the Market Square, one of the biggest on Poland. It is a city full of magic places. In the evenings you can take a romantic walk among small streets of Ostrow Tumski (an island with theCathedral) illuminated with gas lampions.
There are churches, magnificent gothic cathedral, canonic houses and bishop’s palace. One of the most important museum in Wroclaw is the museum of “Panorama Raclawicka” with the enormous painting “Panorana Raclawiska” ( 114 m x 15 m ) presenting the battle of Kosciuszko in 1794.
Poznan is famous all aver the world as the international fair centre. Every year it hosts over 30 national and international fairs. The historical heart of the city is the Old Market. The Town Hall dominating the square is called “the pearl of Polish Renaissance”. Every day at noon on the Town Hall tower two metal goats appear and cross their corns.
The facades of the houses around the square are baroque and renaissance buildings.
At the cathedral island there used to be the castle of Polish dukes, their sarkofags can be seen at Cappella Aurea, a part of the cathedral.
Torun is one of the most important historic cities in Poland located on the bank of Vistula river. It was founded in 1233 by Teutonic Knights and from 1280 was a part of the Hanseatic League.Torun kept on developing and became one of the most richest and most important commercial and cultural centre so that it was called “king of Vistula river”.
Torun is also known as the birthplace of Nicolaus Copernicus, the famous astronom, father of the heliocentric theory. In his home there is a museum with scientific instruments, maps and library with the famous “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium” from 1543. Fortunately Torun was not destroyed during th2nd world war. The old town is a big
historical complex of gothic architecture. It’s urbanistic structure dates from XIII-XIV century.The most important monuments are the enormous red brick church of St. John, the magnificent gothic Town Hall , gothic granaries and the leaning tower.